What role do race, culture, and national origin place in an adoptee's personal identity? To what extent should racial and cultural similarities and differences between adoptive parents and children be taken into account? There are many unresolved issues relating to these questions in today's adoption practice. This volume provides a synthesis of current research, literature, and legislation in three primary areas: transracial adoptions, adoptions of American Indian children, and international adoptions. Arguments from all sides of these controversial issues are clearly presented, providing a complete overview of this important area of current adoption practice.